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There are many things that happen to humans that happen to dogs as well; there are similarities, like diseases – including eye diseases. There are quite a number of eye diseases that dog parents have to watch out for.

Read about the common eye diseases on dogs below.

· Conjunctivitis

This disease causes the white area of the eyeball to get inflamed which usually comes with somewhat a small amount of discharge. It may also swell. You may notice your dog rubbing his eye.

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Conjunctivitis known causes are the following: trauma; infection; allergies; and certain types of medications.

The way to treat this can be through various treatments such as steroids or antibiotic drops or ointments. Treatment would depend on the advice of your vet.

· Eyelid Growth

Eyelid growth on the eyelids occurs a lot more often to dogs than what most owners think. Often times, these tumors are non-cancerous.

However, given that it is an uncomfortable problem, dogs may want to rub on their eye which can cause irritation. Luckily, in most cases, tumors can be removed through minor surgery.

· Corneal Ulcers

This eye problem occurs when the surface of the eye has an abrasion. The severity of this condition can happen in numerous degrees, and this results in varying intensity of pain and uneasiness which is commonly caused by eye trauma.

Minor cases of corneal ulcers are not easy to identify. Fluorescein stain can be used to help in diagnosing, what this does is that it outlines corneal ulcer.

By doing so, the vet can clearly see how bad or the how deep is the extent of penetration of the ulcer to your dog’s cornea.

Corneal Ulcears are commonly treated by the used of topical antibiotic therapy. Usually, follow-up visits are needed; the vet will do fluorescein stain till the ulcer disappears.

· Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS)

KCS is the term used when there is inadequate or insufficient tear production. Some dog breeds have muzzles that are naturally and short and bulging eyes, these dogs have higher chances of experiencing KCS. Symptoms usually seen are the dreary look of the cornea and continuous mucous discharge, and in some cases, conjunctivitis comes along with it as well.

Diagnosis is done through the Schirmer Tear Test. The vet will use a strip that measures a dog’s actual tear production in the eye. It is a painless, easy, and quick test.

Sadly, KCS may only be effectively treated but not really cured.

Your dog will be prescribed with some antibiotics, along with some anti-inflammatory medications. Usually, there will also be artificial tears given.

In rare cases, some dogs may require surgery to be done in order to have a working tear production through the help of the salivary glands.

· Glaucoma

Similar to what we humans experience, Glaucoma on dogs occur when there is a build-up of pressure in the eye. This causes the eyeball to slowly expand and usually results in 100% vision loss.

The way to treat this is through the use of drops; this is for minor cases. But for advanced or severe cases where your dog has an enlarged eye, the procedure that needs to be done is to remove the eyeball and to sew shut the socket.

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